Organization of American States


Organization of American States
(OAS)
   Chartered in 1948, the OAS in May of that year adopted its American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man. Like the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which the United Nations (UN) would adopt a few months later, the American Declaration is based on the principle that individuals derive rights from the fact of being human, not from the fact of being citizens. In other words, states do not grant rights but rather recognize already existing rights. Also like the Universal Declaration, the American Declaration was not legally binding—there was not enough agreement to make it so. In 1967, however, the OAS adopted a protocol making the American Declaration the standard by which member states would be judged. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), which was formed in 1960 and which became part of the OAS in 1967, was empowered to investigate and report on human-rights violations committed by OAS member nations. The IACHR published reports on Argentina (1980), Bolivia (1981), Chile (1974, 1976, 1985), Paraguay (1978, 1987), and Uruguay (1978). Two of the reports were based on site visits—the IACHR visited Chile in 1974 and Argentina in 1979. Today, all IACHR reports, past and present, are available—in English, Spanish, French, and Portuguese—on the organization’s Web site at www.cidh.oas.org.

Historical Dictionary of the “Dirty Wars” . . 2010.

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  • Organization of American States —   [ɔːgənaɪ zeɪʃn əv ə merɪkən steɪts, englisch], Abkürzung OAS, spanisch Organización de los Estạdos Americạnos [ɔrganiza θi̯ɔn ȓe ], Abkürzung OEA, deutsch Organisation Amerikanischer Staaten, am 30. 4. 1948 in Bogotá gegründete… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Organization of American States — Organisation Amerikanischer Staaten Generalsekretär José Miguel Insulza Arbeitssprachen Englisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Organization of American States — Organization of A|mer|i|can States, the the full name of the OAS …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Organization of American States — noun an association including most countries in the western hemisphere; created in 1948 to promote military and economic and social and cultural cooperation • Syn: ↑OAS • Hypernyms: ↑world organization, ↑world organisation, ↑international… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Organization Of American States — (OAS)    The OAS was established at the Inter American Conference in Bogota, Colombia, on 30 April 1948. It expanded on the Rio Pact. The OAS confirmed inter American cooperation and hemispheric solidarity; prohibited military, political, or… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Organization of American States — an organization formed in 1948 for the purpose of coordinated action in economic, political, and military matters: members are Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba,… …   Universalium

  • Organization of American States — (OAS)  U.S. dominated regional political alliance including South and Central American countries …   American business jargon

  • Organization of American States Secretary General election, 2005 — The Organization of American States Secretary General election was a series of special sessions of the General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS) held during 2005 in Washington, D.C., United States to elect a new Secretary… …   Wikipedia

  • Organization of American States (OAS) — International organization formed in 1948 to replace the Pan American Union. It promotes economic, military, and cultural cooperation among its members, which include almost all the independent states of the Western Hemisphere. (Cuba s membership …   Universalium


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